Undergraduate

Requirements for a Chemistry Major

A.B. Degree in Chemistry

The A.B. degree program allows greater flexibility in scheduling and course selection, while still maintaining the integrity of the Chemistry major. Students with interests in a second under-graduate major or in advanced work in a professional school (e.g. medical, dental, veterinary, business, or law) following graduation should consider this program. Students with an interest in employment in the chemical or a related industry, or in advanced study in chemistry or a related science (e.g. Biochemistry or Pharmacology) may also consider this program, although they are encouraged to augment their program with additional upper-level chemistry courses. Students in this category should consult their faculty advisers early in their junior year.

Prerequisites CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)].

Major Requirements CHEM 201DL (151L) & CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)]; CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L); plus one of the following three options:

  1. Three of the following: CHEM 302 (176), CHEM 410 (117); BIOCHEM 301 (227), BIOCHEM 302 (228); any CHEM courses at the 500 level.
  2. One of the following: CHEM 302 (176), CHEM 410 (117), BIOCHEM 301 (227), any CHEM course at the 500- or 600-level; plus both CHEM 393 (191B) & CHEM 394 (192) or the equivalent in an approved chemistry-related discipline.
  3. One of the following emphases:
    • a. Physics Emphasis
      • [CHEM 302 (176) or CHEM 311 (166)] plus any 2 of the following: PHYSICS 264L (143) Optics and Modern Physics, PHYSICS 361 (181) Intermediate Mechanics, PHYSICS 362 (182) Electricity and Magnetism
      • b. Mathematics Emphasis
        • [CHEM 302 (176) or CHEM 311 (166)] plus either of the following pairs of courses: [MATH 221 (104) and MATH 356 (131)] or [MATH 216 (107) and MATH 353 (108)]. Titles for these courses are: MATH 221 (104) Linear Algebra and Applications, MATH 356 (131) Elementary Differential Equations, MATH 216 (107) Linear Algebra and Differential Equations, MATH 353 (108) Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations
        • c. Biology Emphasis
          • BIOCHEM 301 (227) plus any 2 of the following: BIOLOGY 201L (101L) Gateway to Biology, BIOLOGY 214L (184L) Experimental Cell and Molecular Biology, BIOLOGY 220 (119) Cellular and Developmental Biology, BIOLOGY 227 (152) Molecular Plant Physiology, BIOLOGY 329L (151L) Principles of Animal Physiology, BIOLOGY 414LS (205LS) Developmental and Molecular Genetics, BIOLOGY 515 (244) Principles of Immunology

Substitution may be made in certain cases with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.

Sequencing Core Courses for A.B. Major
The following is a typical schedule for the core and prerequisite courses for a student who does not have advanced placement credits for CHEM or MATH and is seeking the A.B. degree. The additional courses listed in the various options above may be taken in the junior or senior year. Prerequisites for some of the options may need to be completed in the freshman or sophomore year. (Courses in brackets [ ] can be scheduled in other semesters or have equivalent courses that can be scheduled in other semesters.)

Note: CHEM 301/301L is a prerequisite for most upper level chemistry courses and usually taken in the junior year. Since PHYSICS 142L (or 152L or 162L) is a prerequisite for CHEM 301, Physics courses are normally taken in the sophomore year. Likewise, MATH 111L and 112L are taken in the first year since they are prerequisites for introductory Physics courses.

*PHY 141L (fall) - 142L (spring) may be replaced by PHY 151L (fall) - 152L (spring) or PHY 161L (spring) - 162L (fall). Physics and Mathematics courses may be taken at other times, but only with considerable loss of flexibility in scheduling.

Fulfilling Physics Requirements with Approved Transfer Courses PHYSICS 100 may be substituted for required physics courses: PHYSICS 141L-142L, 151L-152L; or 161L-162L, in either the A.B. or B.S. chemistry major, provided the physics course(s) are (1) calculus-based, (2) taken at an institution that is accredited by the American Chemical Society, and (3) are the courses that are required for an ACS-certified degree at that institution.

A.B. Degree Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

*CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___.

B.S. Degree in Chemistry

The B.S. degree program is recommended for students planning to undertake graduate study in Chemistry or a related science (e.g. BCH or PHR) or for those contemplating employment in the chemical industry following graduation.

  • For the B.S. Degree Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L), MATH 212 (103)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)].
  • Major Requirements. CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], CHEM 310 (165), CHEM 310L (167L), CHEM 311 (166), CHEM 311L (168L), CHEM 393 (191B) (or its equivalent in a chemistry-related area), CHEM 401 (131), CHEM 401L (133L), CHEM 410 (117), CHEM 420L (180L), plus two additional courses selected from the following: BIOCHEM 301 (227)*, CHEM 302 (176), CHEM 394 (192) (or its equivalent in a chemistry-related discipline)*, any CHEM courses at the 500- or 600-level.

*Certification of the B.S. degree by the American Chemical Society. Certification of the B.S. degree by the American Chemical Society requires selection of BIOCHEM 301 (227) and CHEM 394 (or its equivalent in a chemistry related discipline) plus CHEM 295 (197).

Sequencing Core Courses for the B.S. Degree in Chemistry The following is a typical schedule for the core and prerequisite courses for a student who is seeking the B.S. degree and does not have advanced placement credits in CHEM or MATH. (Courses in brackets [ ] are prerequisites that can be scheduled in other semesters.)

* PHYSICS 141L (53L) (Fall) – PHYSICS 142L (54L) (Spring) may be replaced by PHYSICS 161L (41L) (Fall) – PHYSICS 162L (42L) (spring) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) (Spring) – PHYSICS 152L (62L) (Fall).

Note: CHEM 310/310L (165/167L) is a prerequisite for most upper level chemistry courses and is usually taken in the junior year. Since PHYSICS 141L/142L, or 151L/152L, or 161L/162L are prerequisites for CHEM 310 (165), Physics is normally taken in the sophomore year. Since MATH 111L (31L) and MATH 112L (32L) are prerequisites for introductory physics courses, they are taken in the first year. Since MATH 212 (103) is a prerequisite for CHEM 310 (165), it needs to be taken in sophomore year. Physics and Math courses may be taken in other semesters, but only with considerable loss of flexibility in scheduling.

B.S. Degree Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

Degrees with Concentrations

The Concentration in Biochemistry In cooperation with the Department of Biochemistry in the School of Medicine, the Chemistry Department offers both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in chemistry with concentration in biochemistry. Certification of this concentration is designated on the official transcript.

  • For the A.B. Degree with Concentration in Biochemistry Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L (101L).
  • Major Requirements. CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)], CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L); BIOCHEM 301 (227), BIOCHEM 302 (228); plus one of the following: CHEM 393 (191B) or BIOCHEM 593 (210).
    • For the B.S. Degree with Concentration in Biochemistry Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L (101L).
    • Major Requirements. CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) & 302 or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 301L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)], CHEM 302 (176), CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L), CHEM 410 (117); BIOCHEM 301 (227), BIOCHEM 302 (228); BIOLOGY 220 (119); plus one of the following: CHEM 393 (191B), BIOLOGY 293 (191), or BIOCHEM 593 (210).

    *To earn a B.S. degree in Chemistry that is certified by the American Chemical Society requires CHEM 295 (197), CHEM 310 (165) [which has a MATH 212 prerequisite], CHEM 310L (167L), CHEM 311 (166), CHEM 311L (168L), CHEM 410 (117), and CHEM 420L (180L).

    Sample Course Sequences
    Sample — AB with Concentration in Biochemistry

    Sample — ACS Certified BS with Concentration in Biochemistry (w/GwD)

    *required for GwD only
    **required for ACS certified degree only

    A.B. Degree Concentration in Biochemistry Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

*CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 __

B.S. Degree Concentration in Biochemistry (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

*CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___.

Degrees with Concentrations in Pharmacology

In conjunction with the Department of Pharmacology in the Duke Medical Center, the Chemistry Department offers both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in chemistry with a Concentration in Pharmacology. Certification of the concentration is designated on the official transcript.

Pharmacology is more than the study of the mode of action of drugs. It is a science which uses the basic concepts of biology and chemistry to determine how drugs affect the organism; it gives a unique perspective in understanding how cells, organ systems, and organisms function. Unlike other basic science fields, pharmacology combines many disciplines so that one can investigate systematically the mechanisms underlying a biological event—from the molecular level to the whole animal. Pharmacology also allows us to study how biological systems fail, providing information on the etiology of disease and on the mechanisms underlying toxic reactions. Pharmacologic research is essential for the development, testing and use of drugs and other bioactive molecules such as pesticides or industrial chemicals.

The objective of Pharmacology as an Area of Concentration for Chemistry Majors is to provide students with knowledge of the basic principles underlying the design and actions of drugs and toxic substances. In addition, it provides the opportunity to apply these principles in a research setting. Ultimately, an introduction of pharmacology to undergraduates will encourage interested students to consider graduate study in the fields of pharmacology and/or medicinal chemistry, leading to a career in academic research, in governmental regulatory agencies, or in industry.

This area of concentration requires that students take specific courses in biological sciences and chemistry in addition to pharmacology, and two semesters of research in Pharmacology. The required courses are BIOLOGY 101L and BIOCHEM 301 (227) [Introductory Biochemistry], which will provide the necessary biological background for Chemistry majors to proceed with studies in Pharmacology. The two semesters of pharmacology courses are: PHARM 350 (150), which deals with drug actions and reactions, and PHARM 360 (160), which deals with Drugs, Brain and Behavior. Students will also take 2 semesters of independent study. Mentors for independent study are chosen from a list of approved pharmacology faculty. An additional recommended pharmacology course is PHARM 554 (254), Mammalian Toxicology.

  • For the A.B. Degree with Concentration in Pharmacology Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L.

    Major requirements: CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)], CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L); BIOCHEM 301 (227); PHARM 350 (150)** & PHARM 360 (160)**; plus 2 semesters of independent study involving some aspect of pharmacology (CHEM 393 & 394 or PHARM 493 & 494).

  • For the B.S. Degree with Concentration in Pharmacology Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L.

    Major Requirements: CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) & CHEM 302 (176) or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)], CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L), CHEM 410 (117); BIOCHEM 301 (227); PHARM 350 (150)** & PHARM 360 (160)**; plus 2 semesters of independent study involving some aspect of pharmacology (CHEM 393 & 394 or PHARM 493 & 494).

  • *To earn a B.S. degree in Chemistry that is certified by the American Chemical Society requires CHEM 295 (197), CHEM 310 (165) [which has a MATH 212 prerequisite], CHEM 310L (167L), CHEM 311 (166), CHEM 311L (168L), CHEM 410 (117), and CHEM 420L (180L).

    **Substitution may be made in certain cases with the permission of the Director of Undergraduate Studies.

    A.B. Degree Concentration in Pharmacology (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

*CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___.

B.S. Degree Concentration in Pharmacology Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

*CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___ .

Degrees with Concentrations in Environmental Chemistry

In conjunction with the School for the Environment of Duke University, the Chemistry Department is pleased to offer both an A.B. and a B.S. degree in Chemistry with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry. Official recognition of the completion of the requirements given below will appear on the permanent transcript of a major.

  • For the A. B. Degree with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L (101L).
  • Major Requirements. CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L), or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166), CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L); ENV 360 or CE461L; plus any two of the following: ENVIRON 239 (179), ENVIRON 540 (240), ENVIRON 542 (242); plus one of the following: CHEM 393 (191B) or ENVIRON 393 (191) or CE 391 (197).
  • For the B.S. Degree in Chemistry with Concentration in Environmental Chemistry Prerequisites. CHEM 101DL (31L) or CHEM 110DL (43L), or CHEM 021 (19); [MATH 111L (31L) & MATH 112L (32L), or MATH 122L (41L)]; [PHYSICS 141L (53L) & PHYSICS 142L (54L) or PHYSICS 151L (61L) & PHYSICS 152L (62L) or PHYSICS 161L (41L) & PHYSICS 162L (42L)]; BIOLOGY 201L (101L).
  • Major Requirements. CHEM 201DL (151L), CHEM 202L (152L), [CHEM 210DL (32L), or CHEM 020 (18) or CHEM 021 (19)], [CHEM 301 (161) & CHEM 301L (163L) & CHEM 302 (176) or CHEM 310 (165) & CHEM 310L (167L) & CHEM 311 (166)], , CHEM 401 (131) & CHEM 401L (133L), CHEM 410 (117); ENV 360 or CE 461L; plus any two of the following: ENVIRON 239 (179), ENVIRON 540 (240), ENVIRON 542 (242); plus one of the following: CHEM 393 (191B) or ENVIRON 393 (191) OR CE 391 (197).

* To earn a B.S. degree in Chemistry that is certified by the American Chemical Society requires CHEM 295 (197), CHEM 310 (165) [which has a MATH 212 prerequisite], CHEM 310L (167L), CHEM 311 (166), CHEM 311L (168L), CHEM 410 (117), and CHEM 420L (180L).

A.B. Degree Concentration in Environmental Chemistry Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

  1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
  2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
  3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
  4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.
  5. *CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___.

    B.S. Degree Concentration in Environmental Chemistry Worksheet (2011 Revision) Download

    1. On the blank following either CHEM 020 or 021, indicate entrance credit by "AP".
    2. On the blank following a completed course, indicate the grade earned, or "TR" for an approved course transferred from another institution.
    3. On the blank following a planned course, indicate the semester and year in which you intend to take the course. Use F12 for fall of 2012, S12 for spring of 2012, and SS12 for summer session of 2012.
    4. In the "Done" column, place a check for completed requirements.

    *CHEM 310 has a MATH 212 prerequisite: MATH 212 ___.