Laboratory research and library research have been integrated in various ways that are collectively known as "the" scientific method. Read here to explore the history and philosophy of the scientific method.
“Beyond honest errors and errors caused through negligence are [sic] a third category of errors: those that involve deception. Making up data or results (fabrication), changing or misreporting data or results (falsification), and using the ideas or words of another person without giving appropriate credit (plagiarism) - all strike at the heart of the values on which science is based.” (http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/obas/contents/misconduct.html) Plagiarism and how to avoid it are described in Duke's tutorial on the subject.
A second requirement of independent study in the chemistry department is the preparation and presentation of a poster describing your research. Instructions for preparing and presenting a poster are located in the Resources section.