About

The Right Glove for the Right Job

Physical Characteristics of Glove Materials*

Material (Designation in Matrices) Abrasion Resistance Cut Resistance Flexibility Heat Resistance
Chlorinated Polyethylene (CPE) E G G G
Material (Designation in Matrices) Ozone Resistence Puncture Resistance Tear Resistance Relative Cost
Chlorinated Polyethylene (CPE) E G G Low

Degradation

Degradation is a reduction in one or more physical properties of a glove due to chemical contact. Exposed gloves may swell, get harder or softer, stiffen or weaken or become brittle. Degredation-resistance testing of gloves is important to assure worker safety, however, permeation-resistance is also essential.

Data shown are No performance warranty in intended or implied. Ratings were arrived at by visual and physical examination of samples after their exposure to the chemical stated. Sources for this information include studies conducted at the University of Washington and Prudent Practices for Handling Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories, 1981.

When considering a glove for a specific application, it is important to consider other requirements such as thermal conditions, chemical concentration, physical hazards and mixtures of chemicals. A glove should be tested in actual service before specification.

NEO SUP Neoprene Supported NAT SUP Natural Rubber Supported
NEO UNSUP Neoprene Unsupported NAT UNSUP Natural Rubber Unsupported
NIT SUP Nitrile Supported PVC SUP PVC Supported
NIT UNSUP Nitrile Unsupported
E Chemical has little or effect G Chemical has minor effect
F Chemical has minor to moderate effect P Chemical has moderate to severe effect
NIT SUP Nitrile Supported PVC SUP PVC Supported
NR Chemical has severe effect NT Chemical not tested
Chemical Cas # NEO SUP NEO UNSUP NIT SUP NIT UNSUP NAT SUP NAT UNSUP PVC SUP
Acetaldehyde 00075070 F F F F P P P
Acetic Acid (Glacial) 00064197 E F E E E G E
Acetic Acid 50% 00064197 E G E E E G E
Acetone 00067641 E E F F E F E
Acetonitrile 00075058 G F P P P P NR
Acrylonitrile 00107131 G G G G P P F
Ammonium Hydroxide 30% 01336216 E E E E E E E
Amyl Alcohol 00071410 E E E E G G E
Aniline 00062533 P NR P P NR NR NR
Animal Fats E E E E F F G
Benzaldehyde 00100527 P P P P P P P
Benzene 00071432 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Benzyl Alcohol 00100516 G G G G F F G
Benzyl Chloride 00100447 P P P P NR NR P
Borax (Saturated) 01303964 E E E E G G G
Bromine 07726956 G G NT NT G G G
Butane 00106978 E E NT NT P P P
Butraldehyde 00123728 G G NT NT P P G
Butyl Acetate 00123864 F F F F P P P
Calcium Chloride 10035048 E E E E E E E
Calcium Hypochlorite 07778543 G G G G G G G
Calcium Hydroxide 01305620 E E E E E E E
Carbon Disulfide 00075150 P P G G P P F
Capryl Alcohol 00123966 G G G G F F G
Cellosolve Acetate 00111159 F P F F P P F
Chlorine (gas) 07782505 E NT E NT NT NT F
Chloroacetone 00078955 E E NT NT F F P
Chlorobenzene 00108907 P NR P P NR NR P
Chloroform 00067663 F P F F NR NR F
Chromic Acid 01333820 F F F F P P E
Citric Acid 00077929 E E E E G G G
Coconut Oil E E E E P P G
Corn Oil E E E E P P G
Cresols 01319773 F P F F NR NR F
Cutting Oil 10% G G G G P P G
Cyclohexane 00110827 E E NT NT F F P
Dibenzyl Ether 00103504 G G NT NT F F P
Dibutylphthalate 00084742 E E E E F F P
Diethanolamine 00111422 E E NT NT F F E
Diethylamine 00109897 F P F F P P P
Diesel Fuel E E E E P P G
Diethyl Ether 00060297 F P F F P P P
Dimethylformamide 00068122 G F G G P P P
Dimethylsulfoxide 00067685 E G E E P P F
Dioctyl Phthalate 00117840 E G E E F F P
Dioxane 00123911 F F F F P P F
Ethanol 00064175 E E E E E E E
Ethyl Acetate 00141786 G F F F F F P
Ethyl Benzene 00100414 P NR P P NR NR P
Ethyl Ether 00060297 F P F F P P P
Ethylene Dichloride 00107062 F F G G P P P
Ethylene Glycol 00107211 G F G G F F G
Formaldehyde 37% 00500000 G E E E E E E
Formic Acid 00064186 G G F F G G G
Gasoline 08006619 E G E E P P F
Glycerine 00056815 E E E E G G E
Glycine 00056406 E E E E G G E
N-Heptane 00142825 E G E E P P G
N-Hexane 00110543 E G E E P P F
Hydraulic Fluid E G E E P P G
Hydrobromic Acid 40% 10035106 E E NT NT G G E
Hydrochloric Acid 10% 07647010 E G E E E G E
Hydrochloric Acid 36% 07647010 F P F F P P P
Hydrofluoric Acid 30% 07664393 G G G G G G E
Hydrogen Peroxide 07722841 G G G G G G E
Isooctane 01111659 E G E E P P F
Isopropyl Alcohol 00067630 G G G G G G G
Kerosene 08008206 E G E E P P G
KOH 45% 01310583 E E E E G G G
Lactic Acid 85% 00050215 G G G G G G G
Lauric Acid 00143077 G F G G P P F
Ligroine 08032324 E G E E P P G
Linseed Oil G G G G P P F
Maleic Acid 00110167 G G G G F F G
Methylamine 00074895 F P F F P P P
Methanol 00067561 G G G G G G F
Methyl Ethyl Ketone 00078933 P P NR NR F F NR
Methylene Chloride 00075092 NR NR NR NR NR NR NR
Methyl Isobutyl Ketone 00108101 P P NR NR P P NR
Mineral Oil 08012951 E G E E P F E
Mineral Spirits E G E E F P E
Morpholine 00110918 E E NT NT F F E
Monoethanolamine 00141435 E E NT NT F F E
Nitric Acid 10% 07697372 G F G G P P F
Nitric Acid 30% 07697372 P P P P NR NR NR
Nitrobenzene 00098953 P P P P NR NR P
Octane 00111659 E G E E P P F
Oleic Acid 00112801 G F G G P P F
Olive Oil 08001250 E G E E P P F
Oxalic Acid 00144627 G G G G G G G
N-Pentanol 00071410 E E E E G G G
Perchloric Acid 07601903 G G F F F F E
Phenol 00108952 E E NT NT G G E
Perchloroethylene 00127184 F P F G NR NR P
Phosphoric Acid 07664328 E E NT NT G G E
Pine Oil 08001093 G G G G P P G
Potassium Hydroxide 01310583 E E E E E E E
Potassium Permanganate 10% 07711647 G F G G P P F
Sodium Hydroxide 50% 01310732 E E E E E E E
Sodium Hypochlorite 07681529 P P F F G G G
Stearic Acid (saturated) 00571114 E G E E G G G
Sulfuric Acid 10% 07664939 G G G G G G G
Sulfuric Acid 20% 07664939 F F F F F F F
Toluene 00108883 F P F G NR NR F
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 00071556 F P F G NR NR P
Trichloroethylene 00079016 F P F G NR NR P
Tricresyl Phosphate 01330785 F F NT NT P P F
Triethanolamine 00102716 E E E E F F E
Vegetable Oils E E E E P P E
Xylene (o, m, p) 01330207 F P F G NR NR F

Permeation

The Permeation Resistance Guide is a reference point for proper glove analysis in hazardous chemical handling. All test results were produced independently. Radian Corporation of Austin Texas (an AIHA accredited laboratory) performed the permeation tes ting in accordance with ASTM Standard F739-81.

Each Polymer is Ranked according to breakthrough time as a reference for future testing by the user. Breakthrough time is the elapsed time between initial contact of an aqueous solution with the exterior surface of a glove and the time at which the solution can be detected on the interior surface.

Actual performance of a glove depends upon varied factors. Work application, chemical mix, chemical contact time, and glove thickness are just a few.

Chemical Best Second Third
Acetaldehyde Rubber/R Rubber/S Neoprene
Acetone Rubber/R Neoprene
Acetonitrile Nitrile/C, Neoprene PVC
Chlorine Gas Neoprene Rubber/R PVC
Dibutylphthalate Neoprene Nitrile/C
Diethylamine Rubber/R Neoprene PVC
Diethyl Ether Nitrile/C Neoprene
Dimethylformamide Neoprene Nitrile/C Nitrile/U
Dioxane PVC Nitrile/C Neoprene
Ethylene Dibromide Neoprene PVC Nitrile/U
Ethoxyethanol Neoprene Nitrile/C Nitrile/U
Ethylene Oxide Nitrile/U
Formaldehyde 37% Nitrile/C, PVC, Nitrile/U
N-Hexane Neoprene Nitrile/U PVC
N-Hexane Neoprene Nitrile/U PVC